The SEA of MUD                               April 29,1836 - May 9, 1836.

        After the archeology was completed at site 41WH91, Gregg Dimmick and Joe Hudgins decided that more work was needed to be done to track the Mexican Army farther through the Lissie Prairie.   A group of history buffs that included Gregg Dimmick, Joe Hudgins, Terry Kieler, Gene Marik, J.P. Marik, Ed Person, George Ressler and John Wicke decided to help recover as much evidence as possible from the Sea of Mud. Several more volunteers joined as progress was being made.  Nearly every weekend for the next  5 years was spent searching an area almost 5 miles long and containing thousands of acres.  The State of Texas issued the trinomials 41WH92, 41WH93, 41WH94 and  41WH95 for the large site which was the 2nd largest archeological undertaking in the State of Texas at the time. It was surpassed only by the La Salle Shipwreck project  (
       The landowners  generously allowed us access to their land and tolerated our presence.  The archeology resulted in a new understanding of the intentions of the Mexican Army after the mishap at San Jacinto.  They were not an army in retreat but were an army intending to carry on military operations after establishing contact with their government and getting resupplied.  The Sea of Mud destroyed their ability to become a viable fighting unit and preserved the Texian victory at San Jacinto.

Sea of Mud Drawing by Manuel Hinojosa

            Sea of Mud looking to the South       


  Flaming Bomb Emblem , probably
from a Shako or Cross-Belt 

Broken Flaming Bomb Emblem
4.6 cm x 5.0 cm

  Circular Brass Emblem,  6.1 cm in dia.
Back of Brass Emblem with Remains of the Fasteners 

  Rectangular Brass Cross-Belt Plate
6.3 cm x 4.8 cm, wt. 62.8 gms

Reverse of Brass Cross-Belt Plate
6.3 cm x 4.8 cm, wt. 62.8 gms


                 These lead Musket Balls are a sampling of the hundreds that were found in the Sea of Mud. 
              Many had visible casting seams and some had partial sprues remaining.


                                                                         Mexican Soldier of the Morelos Battalion                                                                                                                       as depicted by Manuel Hinojosa

Light Brass CocadeBrass Tack .75" longBrass Musket Balls .56 and .74 cal. .

                         Brass 6 Pounder Cannonball                                               Iron 6 Pounder Cannonball


 Picture of a French Griebeauval Howitzer of the type used by the  Mexican Army during the 1836 Texas War for Independence. Two of these tubes were captured during the 1846 war with Mexico and are stored at West Point.  See the tube on the far right of the picture below.  

West Point cannon tube collection. Mexican Howitzer is at right.

Gregg Dimmick found the first bronze howitzer ball.

 It was later destroyed by personnel from Ft. Sam Houston  because
it contained a trace of gunpowder that was later found to be inert.

                                 6.25 in. Bronze Howitzer Ball                                            6.25 in. Bronze Howitzer Ball                                                                                                                                             Note the markings

Wooden Howitzer Fuse Details of a Howitzer Ball Marking
All of the howitzer balls found in the sea of mud were filled with gunpowder and fitted with wooden fuses that contained slow burning gunpowder.  Howitzer balls were generally not fitted with fuses until they were ready to be fired.  Apparently the Mexican Army feared being attacked at the time.  Some howitzer balls were unmarked and others had several different markings including a "V" with a line below, a starlike design similiar to an asterisk and the fancy marking shown above.  The purpose of these markings is unknown.  

                 Light Canister Shot, about 1in. diam.            Heavy Canister Shot, about 1.3in. diam.

                                            A view of the Sea of Mud during ideal conditions.                                                         

                             Obverse of Bronze Coin                                                    Reverse of Bronze Coin


                               Military-style Buckle                                                         Military-style  Buckle

                                           Cartridge Box Buckle                                                            Military-Style Buckle

             Brass Flaming Bomb Button                                                      Brown Bess Butt Plate

                                Musket Flint                                                                Brown Bess Frizzen

                        Brown Bess Hammer                                                      Brown Bess Frizzen Spring

                                   6.25 in. Howitzer Ball                                                           Light Brass Spur

        Early U.S. Militia Plate, possibly a war souvenir                                Group of Brown Bess Parts


                          Brown Bess Terminal Ram Rod Pipe                            Brown Bess Trigger and Trigger Cover



Six of these brass coat buttons were found in a very small area by John Wicke.They each measured 20 mm and all had shanks present. All had plain fronts, "Rich Gilt Standard" back marks and the floral design.  The close groupings may indicate that a complete coat was discarded or lost at the spot.

                     Brown Bess Nose Cap with Pin                                   Brown Bess New Pattern Side Plate

                                                       Brass Sword Guard similiar to one on a Baker Rifle Sword Bayonet

                                         Musket Lockplate                                                              Lead Flint Pad for Musket

                           Spanish- Style Horse or Mule Shoe                                                        Bullet Button    


                             Brass Button with Floral Design                                                     Brass Rosette

                        Brass Trigger Guard Fragment, bent                                   Brass Trigger Guard Fragment

                          Metal Utensil Fragments                                                  Brass Tang from a Buckle

                     Iron Pieces thought to be Shrapnel                                             Brass Candlestick